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"Friends & Strangers"

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The artists in “Friends & Strangers” are connectors, building upon and supporting the existing groups they participate in and searching for ways to create ever more inclusive forms of community. Featuring Linda Goode Bryant, Miranda July, Christine Sun Kim, and Cannupa Hanska Luger, this hour follows the four artists as they identify collaborators, advocate for themselves and others, and work to create a world where we are made stronger together. In their practices, these artists build institutions that become networks for new and unorthodox ideas, generate participatory artworks that connect us across differences, and make the underserved and underrepresented visible to our wider society. Their works call out to like-minded individuals and provide gathering sites, enunciate grievances and confront structural inequalities, and demonstrate new and expansive models of coming together. Seeking connection within their immediate circles and across vast differences, these artists have sought to bring together friends and strangers through their practices and demonstrate that a different and less isolated world is possible.

More information and credits


Executive Producer: Tina Kukielski. Series Producer: Nick Ravich. Director: Chiemi Karasawa. Producer: Danielle Varga. Editors: Mary Ann Toman, Lynn True. Archival Producer: Leah Ford. Associate Producer: Andrea Chung. Assistant Curator: Jurrell Lewis. Cinematography: Sam Cullman, Daud Sani, Shaandiin Tome, David Yim. Design & Animation: Ryan Carl, Nikita Iziev. Composer: Andrew Orkin. 

Additional Photography: Bennett Cerf, Nick Curran, Gabe Fermin, Luke Fitch, Luke Geissbuhler, Giacomo Gex, LeRoy Grafe, Connie Huang, Bernard Hunt, Clark Ivers, Jane Macedo Yang, Carla Mejia, Karen Rodriguez, Rafael Salazar Moreno, Jeb Stewart, Katie Wise, Michael Workman, Darlene Joanna Young. Assistant Camera: Isa Fernandez, Forrest Goodluck, Bailey Lica, Colin Morris. Location Sound: Jedd Dumaguina, Genna Edwards, Jae Kim, Robert La Rosa, Jonathan Lau, Tarcisio Longobardi, Steve Lopez, Shane Lovero, Fiona McBain, Eric Perez, Luiza Sá-Davis, William Sarokin, Brian Whitlock. ASL Interpretation: Rebecca De Santis, Denise Kahler-Braaten, Beth Staehle. Advising Producer: Ian Forster. 

Additional Art21 Staff: Lauren Barnett, Hannah DeGarmo, Lolita Fierro, Joe Fusaro, Molaundo Jones, Emma Nordin, Anna Pruett, Jessica Svenson, Noor Tamari, Nora Wimmer. 

Production Assistants: Kelsey Bland, Danica Drezner, Emily Joe, Asia Jones. Video Post-Production Services: Cut + Measure. Video Post-Production Producer: Alex Laviola. Colorist: Chris Ramey. Online & Conform: David Gauff. Additional Video Editors: Addison Post, Adam Varca. Additional Animation: Andy Cahill. Audio Post-Production Services: Konsonant Post. Re-Recording Mixer: Gisela Fullà-Silvestre. Sound Editor: Ben Kruse. Assistant Editors: Ellen Askey, Stephanie Cen, Michelle Hanks. Additional Research: Susan Thompson. 

Station Relations: De Shields Associates. Legal Counsel: Franklin Weinrib Rudell + Vassallo. 

Interns: Stephanie Ades, Sekou Cherif, Yeon Cho, Michaela Esteban, Emma Flood, Amber He, Emma Kanne, Carina Martinez, Renee Rienecker, James Santiago, Dani Wieder. 

Artwork Courtesy: Linda Goode Bryant; Cannupa Hanska Luger; Miranda July; Christine Sun Kim; François Ghebaly Gallery; Garth Greenan Gallery; JTT Gallery; Willie Birch, “Woman Feeding Child” (1983), part of the “Solid State Series;” Elizabeth Catlett, © 2023 Mora-Catlett Family / Licensed by VAGA at Artists Rights Society (ARS), NY; Valerie Maynard, © 2023 Estate of Valerie J. Maynard / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York; Betye Saar, “Fragments” (1976) / Courtesy of the Artist and Roberts Projects, Los Angeles.

Archival Materials: African American Performance Art Archive, American Museum of Folk Art, Adam Avila, Baltimore Museum of Art, BAM Hamm Archives, Aubree Bernier-Clarke, Dawoud Bey, Sydney Blum, Dwight Carter, Charles White Archives, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Coreen Simpson Photography, Justin Deegan, Krista DiBernardo-Williams, Austin Donohue, Meg Eginton, Estate of Houston Conwill, Film4, Robert Gerhardt, David Hammons, Hatch Billops Collection, Hauser & Wirth, Palmer Hayden, IFC Films, Jane Comfort and Company, Dr. Kellie Jones, Philip Mallory Jones, Kinolibrary, The Kitchen, George Klass, LA Modern, Lawrence D., “Butch” Morris Estate, Lorna Simpson Studio, Mark Liflander, Jeff Morgan, The Museum of Modern Art, Senga Nengudi, NewsHour Productions LLC, NYS Office of General Services, Sara Nović, Harmon Outlaw, Herb Perr, Pond5, Rago/Wright, Mallica “Kapo” Reynolds, Ryan Lee Gallery, Sean Kelly, New York, The Studio Museum in Harlem Archives, Susan Inglett Gallery, Russ Thompson, United States Air Force Band, Universal Studios Licensing LLC, VAGA/ARS, Doug Vann, Ventureland, Hrag Vartanian, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Wendy Ward Elhers, Faythe Weaver, Kathy Elkwoman Whitman, Rob Wilson, John Wronn. 

Special Thanks: The Art21 Board of Trustees, Archie Bray Foundation, Dominic Banghart, Jay Benedicto, Matthew Betlej, Susan Block, Helsa Borinstein, Laura Coxson, Ramon Ariel De Los Santos, Larkin Donley, The Drawing Center, Ginger Dunnill, Michelle Elligott, Goethe-Institut London, Maren Hassinger, Janet Olivia Henry, Jacques Hipplewith, Ishmael Houston-Jones, Niki Hunt, Marielle Ingram, Hitomi Iwasaki, Keith Jackson, Sydney Krantz, DJ Kurs, LA Phil, T Lax, Elizabeth Litvitskiy, ‘io Kahoku Luger, Tsesa Tsoki Luger, Roux Mader, Thomas Mader, Lyndon McCray, Media Mavens, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Meg Montgoris, Sam Nichols, Jared Michael Nickerson, Ocatillo, Hugh O’Rouke, Cole Palatini, Grace Park, Ryan Pattie, Picker Art Gallery, Colgate University, Project EATS, Queens Museum, Tom Ragan, REDCAT Roy and Edna Disney/CalArts Theater, Allie Rice, Roscoe, Rebecca Schear, Mohammad Shaikh, Somerset House, Francine Stern, The Studio at WESST, Albuquerque, Natasha Sweeten, Dr. Christopher Tester, Yezica Tutic, Gan Uyeda, Steven Young Lee, Nick West, Randy Williams. 

Major underwriting for Season 11 of Art in the Twenty-First Century is provided by PBS, National Endowment for the Arts, Lambent Foundation, The Anna-Maria and Stephen Kellen Foundation, The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, The Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation, Toby Devan Lewis, Robert Lehman Foundation, and Nion McEvoy & Leslie Berriman.

Series Creators: Susan Dowling and Susan Sollins.

©2023 Art21, Inc.

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Linda Goode Bryant

Linda Goode Bryant was born in 1949 in Columbus, Ohio, and currently lives and works in New York City, New York. In 1972, Goode Bryant received her BA from Spelman College in Atlanta, Georgia, and studied art history at the City College of New York until 1974, later receiving her MBA from Columbia University in 1980. In the many different titles and hats that the artist has worn throughout her decades-long career, including educator, gallerist, activist, filmmaker, and farmer, Goode Bryant has sought to realize ideas that were previously thought impossible through a choreography of passion, commitment, skill, and community. From creating the first Black commercial gallery in New York City to founding an urban farming nonprofit on concrete yards and city rooftops, Goode Bryant’s works empower communities and create tangible change, allowing others to realize their impossible ideas alongside her.

Christine Sun Kim

Christine Sun Kim was born in 1980 in Orange County, California, and currently lives and works in Berlin, Germany. Kim graduated from the Rochester Institute of Technology in 2002 before receiving MFAs from both the School of Visual Arts and Bard College in 2006 and 2013, respectively. The artist’s practice in drawing, video, and performance creates space for new explorations of sound and gives voice to collective experiences of oppression and systemic inequality. Using American Sign Language (ASL), closed-captioning, graphic illustration, and more, Kim enunciates personal and collective grievances, demands a political voice, and creates visibility for the Deaf community.

Miranda July

Miranda July was born in 1974 in Barre, Vermont, and lives and works in Los Angeles, California. July studied at the University of California, Santa Cruz, before leaving the university to pursue filmmaking. The artist works across media in her practice, from staged performances and feature films to impromptu dance and short videos posted on social media, from novels and short-story collections to sculptural installations at the Venice Biennale. In each of these varied media, July examines different models and modes of connecting with people, from close friends and family to total strangers, and shows audiences how these connections might transform our lives and the world around us.

Cannupa Hanska Luger

Cannupa Hanska Luger was born in 1979 on the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation in North Dakota and currently lives and works in Glorieta, New Mexico. In 2011, Luger graduated from the Institute of American Indian Arts with a BFA. Spanning performance, sculpture, and video, the artist’s practice engages elements of Indigenous history and culture to simultaneously address present-day grievances and sources of trauma while projecting that culture into the distant future. Through his work, Luger aims to call attention to the harmful ideologies and practices that support genocide, destroy our environment, and distort our sense of self and community.

Segments from "Friends & Strangers"

Educators’ Guides provide information about selected artists and themes, questions for classroom discussions, and hands-on activities that provide students with a fundamental understanding of creative and critical thinking processes.